The Other Owners Agreed To An En-bloc Right After I Moved In: Now What?
- Ryan J
- May 22, 2020
- 7 min read
You could see from the dated exterior that the condo was old. Perhaps your property agent, or even the mortgage banker, made a face when they saw the remaining lease. But whatever the case, the old property was perfect for you.
Perhaps it was just 500 metres from your children’s school; perhaps your parents lived just two streets over. Or maybe it’s just the thought of being able to wake up an hour later every morning, with work just across the road.
But whatever the case, all your renovations and moving in has proven to be for nothing. You’ve barely warmed the sofas before you hear the dreaded news: the other owners have agreed to an en-bloc sale. And that also means being faced with some steep, unexpected stamp duties.
What can you do now?
The three main issues of an en-bloc sale right after moving in
- The Sellers Stamp Duty applies within the first three years
- The method of sale may not account for your latest renovations
- Financing issues in quickly finding a new home
1. The Sellers Stamp Duty (SSD) applies within the first three years
The Sellers stamp duty is a stamp duty that’s a percentage of the selling price. It’s 12 per cent in the first year (the equivalent of ABSD for Singapore Citizens buying a second property!), eight per cent in the second year, and four per cent in the third year.
SSD no longer applies in the fourth year or beyond.
So if the en-bloc sale happens within 12 months of you purchasing the property, you would pay a hefty $180,000 if the sales proceeds were $1.5 million. This could more than wipe out any potential profits from the en-bloc sale, if you add it to your recent costs like renovations and furnishing.
2. The method of sale may not account for your latest renovations
It’s one thing to face an en-bloc after five or more years of moving in, when you’ve had time to at least enjoy and wear out some of your new renovations. But it’s a huge loss to spend, say, $30,000 to $50,000 renovating a unit, and then getting nothing out of it.
But that’s exactly what may happen, depending on how the development is valued during an en-bloc. For example, the valuation may proceed purely on a share value basis (i.e. the higher your share value, the more you get), which doesn’t take into account any recent renovations.
Even if the valuation does account for your renovations, it’s seldom able to cover the costs. It’s quite possible to have $50,000 of renovations done at the start of the year, and then have it valued at half that amount by December of the year. This varies based on the valuation company used, but it’s not as if you have much individual control over that.
Coupled with the SSD, and the cost of having to move again, this can make for a very unprofitable en-bloc sale.
SellingThe Essential Guide to Seller Stamp Dutyby Reuben
3. Financing issues in quickly finding a new home
Under normal circumstances, you have a long time to prepare before moving to a new home. You have months or even years to work out the cost of temporary accommodation, or the down payment on the next property (if you want to move right away and sell your existing home later).
But if you happen to wander into an en-bloc sale, you may be unprepared for the costs. For example, you could be waiting for a year before the proceeds from the en-bloc arrive; but in the meantime, you already need to start looking for a new home, working out the cash down payment needed, etc.
And this is just after you’ve made the cash outlay on your existing property.
There’s also the terms and conditions of your current home loan to worry about. For example, prepayment penalties often apply during the first one to three years. If you use the en-bloc cash proceeds to pay off the existing home loan – such as in the first year or two – you may end up paying penalties as high as 1.5 per cent of the amount redeemed.
What can you do?
You have a better chance of stopping the en-bloc if the situation is so bad you’d lose money (i.e. end up with total costs that exceed your sales proceeds), rather than just make less money.
That’s because you can appeal to the Strata Titles Board (STB) if an en-bloc sale would cost you a financial loss. This can be done even after the 80 per cent consensus for an en-bloc has been reached.
The authorities won’t approve the application of the collective sale, if any registered owner can prove they would incur a financial loss.
However, a “financial loss” means actually losing money on the sale, not just making substantially less. For example, if your total expenses in buying the property is, say, $1.2 million, and the en-bloc would end up costing you $1.25 million, that’s a financial loss.
If the en-bloc would still make you $1.2 million or slightly more, that’s not a financial loss.
Even if you can prove you’d take a financial loss, that may not stop the en-bloc.
If you would incur a financial loss, the en-bloc could still go ahead. But only if the collective sale committee consents to give you more of the proceeds.
If the authorities feel it would be fair, they can order that the collective sale committee apportion a greater share of the proceeds to you (if the committee consents to do this, rather than give up on the sale).
There is a specific rule for this:
Under the Land Titles (Strata) Act, the sum paid out from the proceeds of the other registered owners cannot exceed the aggregate sum of 0.25 per cent of the proceeds of sale for each unit, or $2,000, whichever is higher.
In other words, if the amount would cause any registered owner to pay more than $2,000 of their proceeds, then they can’t go ahead with it. Otherwise, you may just have to take your higher proceeds and go along with it.
Beyond the above situation, there really isn’t much else you can do.
It’s a bad idea to try and argue your case alone, especially if you’re not familiar with the en-bloc process.
It’s a good idea to approach a conveyancing lawyer, if you want to try and stop an en-bloc that’s happening too soon for you. It is a very involved process; you’ll have to pore through the numbers, and produce all the documents and arguments to demonstrate your financial loss.
You’ll also need to talk to a mortgage expert, on what will happen regarding your existing home loan.
Many loan packages will waive the penalties for early loan redemption, if it happens as the consequence of an en-bloc sale; but don’t assume it’s the case in every home loan.
You’ll also need to work out the financing issues of selling and buying again so soon; especially given that en-bloc sales take a while to grant you the sales proceeds (it can happen as late as 12 months later). Banks do have financing options to help you through this, such as bridging loans.
If you’re in this situation, contact us quickly on Facebook. We can put you in touch with the experts you need.
Finally, do brace for the possibility of needing to find a replacement home, and fast.
It’s entirely possible that you’ll get higher sales proceeds, but still have to scramble to find a new home. You can check out in-depth reviews for a replacement property at Stacked; whether to buy or just to rent in the interim.
If the situation is urgent, contact us directly so we can work out the best options, based on your timeframe and budget.
If today I buy a condo apartment for $1200psf and 2yrs later it get en-bloc. Is it possible that I might get back less than I pay for the apartment (excluding the renovation cost)?
Hi Chris! This would depend on the premium that you would’ve made less the stamp duties paid. You’d have to factor in the Buyer Stamp Duty as well since you’d have to purchase another property again later
Hi Ryan, Is SSD of 3 years counts when we exercise or after completion of purchase?
Hi Aizen! SSD is counted from the purchase date. According to IRAS website:
In most instances, the date of purchase/ acquisition of a property refers to:
Date of Acceptance of the Option to Purchase* or
Date of Sale and Purchase Agreement or
Date of Agreement for Lease (for new HDB flat) or
Date of Transfer where the above (a), (b) and (c) are not applicable
*Excludes an option to Purchase that is subject to the execution/ signing of the Sale and Purchase Agreement
What is the SSD calculate end time? From the date that approvals have been received from the Strata Title Board or the completion of the collective sales?
Hey Jimmy! SSD is calculated just like any other sales, when the S&P is signed
I am planning to buy a 2nd hand condo. I am afraid that it is under En Bloc process. Does that condo’s unit seller or that sell’s property agent have the responsibility to inform me that his unit is under En Bloc?
I am afraid to be forced to pay the huge SSD, and waste the big renovation cost.
Hi David, from what we know, the seller is under no obligation to discuss this. It’s one of those things that an experienced buyer agent would check for older condos. Even sellers may not be aware if an en bloc was on the table if they don’t open their letters or aren’t involved with the condo AGM/EGMs. It’s also hard to prove that the seller/agent knew there was an en bloc underway. Moreover, en bloc is also not guaranteed to go through.
Many thanks, for the answer. It makes sense.
Hi does the buyer have to pay for SSD as well?